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Do We Need Some More Dams? Past, Present and Future of Freshwater Bodies in Karnataka State – A Perspective

Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License

Abstract. Forest cover has come down from about 46% in 1947 to less than 23%. An honest commitment to protect the forests has become critical. As per the National Forest Policy objectives, every State has to endeavor to have at least 33% of its geographical area under vegetation cover. For a developing country like India, it is important to pursue a path of sustainable development, regulating the use of forest land for the developmental needs of the state / people and the nation at large. Forest Conservation Act 1980 is a unique piece of legislation and a regulatory mechanism which reflects the collective will of the nation to protect its rich biodiversity and natural heritage and that permits only unavoidable use of forest land for various developmental purposes. To achieve this, it is necessary to protect and consolidate the existing forest areas apart from bringing new areas under afforestation programmes. This editorial paper is the report of rivers of Karnataka State, dams built details, causes for development, effects of developmental activities and the need for protecting the existing forest cover.

Keywords: Dams, Water resources, Check dams, Western Ghats, Fresh water bodies

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12983/ijsras-2014-p0032-0042

 

Common Infectious Diseases of Goats in Chittagong District of Bangladesh

Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License

Abstract. Goat is an important source of nutrition and integral part of rural economy in Bangladesh. Goats are affected by several infectious diseases which can affect their growth. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of common infectious diseases of goat in Chittagong district of Bangladesh. The study was carried out in S.A Quaderi Teaching Veterinary Hospital, CVASU, Chittagong in between November 2011 to October 2012. The diseases were diagnosed on basis of clinical signs, owner's statement and laboratory diagnosis. The prevalence of Peste des Petis of Ruminant (PPR) was highest (11.33%) whereas babesiosis was less common (0.40%). The prevalence of infectious disease was highest in 13-18 month age group (68.00%) and lowest at 19-24 month age group (53.73%). The prevalence of infectious disease was highest at Black Bengal breed (64.23%) and lowest in Jamunapari cross (57.39%). Prevalence of PPR was found highest both for male and female goat. Highest percentage was observed in case of mixed infection (49%) and lowest in case of fungal infection (4%). Occurrence of various infectious diseases was higher in rainy season (36.43%) followed by winter season (34.94%) and summer season (28.62%). Female goat was found to be more susceptible (64.22%) than the male animal (35.77%). These results indicate the high incidence of various infectious diseases in the goats of Chittagong region. Thus, there is a need for an immediate action by the veterinary workers, development partners to come forward in order to prevent and minimize the loss caused by infectious diseases in goats.

Keywords: Prevalence, Infectious, Goat, Bangladesh

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12983/ijsras-2014-p0043-0049

 

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