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Evaluation of Wheat Advance Lines under Rainfed Conditions

Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License

Abstract. Development of high yielding and drought tolerant cultivars is one of the prime objectives of all wheat breeding programs. An experiment was performed at Malakandher Research Farm, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar during 2011-12 to evaluate 14 wheat advance lines with four cultivars i.e Atta-Habib, Siren, Pirsabak-2005 and Pirsabak-2008 used as checks under rainfed conditions. The experiment was not irrigated throughout the whole growing season. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 3 replications. Each entry was planted in 03 rows, 03 meter long and 30 cm apart. To minimize environmental effects on the genotypes recommended cultural practices were applied same for all the treatments. Data were recorded on 6 parameters viz, days to maturity, spike length, spikelets spike-1, grains spike-1, spike weight and spike density. Highly significant differences were observed for all the parameters. Mean values for genotypes ranged between 161.3 to 167.3 for days to maturity, 9.57 to 12.86 cm for spike length, 15.13 to 19.93 for no. of spikelets per spike, 41.05 to 60.80 grains spike-1, 2.47 to 3.61g for spike weight and 0.531 to 0.675 for spike density. Spike density was positive and highly significantly correlated with spike length, positive significant correlated with days to maturity, negative highly significantly correlated with spikelets spike-1. Based on the results of this study MPT7 can be recommended to be used in further breeding programs as it has high spike length, spikelets spike-1, grains spike-1, spike weight and spike density.

Keywords: Evaluation, wheat, advance lines, rainfed

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12983/ijsras-2014-p0097-0101

 

Agro-rural Development as a Source of Socio-economic Change with Special Reference to Iran

Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License

Abstract. The paper clearly proves how a prospering agriculture is known and supposed to be the largest and the most important sector of economies of the Caspian Sea region including Iran. While a large percentage of the people depend on agriculture in the region, about the same proportion outside villages belong to agriculture in more than one way, through trade in agricultural products, through work in agro-based industries etc. A necessary requisite for its development is the general development as also its own progress. In the process of general economic development, agriculture also contributes a lot. The paper explores and examines how necessary and useful it is to acquaint ourselves with the role it plays in socio-economic development. This provides us with a frame to discuss its present position, the measures necessary for its growth, and the progress made in it. The paper weighs how rural households in the developing Asia are marginalized, have insufficient income, have no pensions, no social security and the like to depend on. Under such circumstances, vicious circle of poverty continues.

Keywords: Agriculture. Caspian Sea. Human resource development. Rural development. Rural problems

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12983/ijsras-2014-p0102-0109

 

Fluoride Toxicity and its Distribution in Groundwater of South East Part of Nagaur District, Rajasthan, India

Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License

Abstract. Fluoride (F) is essential for normal bone growth, but its higher concentration in the drinking water poses great health problems like fluorosis in many parts of India. The present paper deals to identify fluoride content in groundwater of Makrana tehsil in Nagaur district, Rajasthan. The samples were collected from manually operated hand pumps of privately owned or from hand pumps established by government of Rajasthan in residential localities of studied habitations. Fluoride concentration of groundwater samples from fifty six villages of Makrana tehsil was monitored and forty six villages were found to have a fluoride concentration above 1.5 mg/l. The maximum fluoride concentration (9.27 mg/l) was recorded in groundwater of the Chakrani Gaon, while minimum (0.29 mg/l) was recorded in Kacholiya. As per the desirable and maximum permissible limit for fluoride in drinking water, recommended by the WHO and BIS, the groundwater of about forty six villages is unfit for drinking purpose.

Keywords: Fluoride, Fluorosis, Groundwater, Makrana tehsil, Rajasthan, Toxicology

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12983/ijsras-2014-p0110-0117

 

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