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Effects of Probiotics on Live Weight and Hematobiochemical Parameters in Broiler

Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License

Abstract. The experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of probiotics on broiler chicken to find out growth performances and hematobiochemical values. A total number of one hundred and eighty day-old-broiler chicks (Cobb 500) were allowed to take rest for 15 days for the adaptation and supplied with normal diet and water. After day 15 among the 180 birds, fifteen broiler chicks (15) were selected and randomly divided into three equal groups (n=5) and marked them as group T0 (control group), T1 (BIO-TOP® treated group) and T2 (curd treated group). All the birds of these groups were reared under standard managemental procedure for the next 23 days. On the day 38 of age body weight, weight of legs, weight of liver and weight of skin including feather of birds of treated groups (T1 and T2) increased significantly (p<0.01) as compare to control group (T0). The dressed weight and breast weight are also increased in treated groups compared to control group. TEC increased significantly (p˂0.05) and ESR decreased significantly (p˂0.05) in treated groups. Hb also increased in the treated groups compared to control group. Serum triglyceride and HDL decreased significantly (p<0.01) in all the treated groups. Total cholesterol level also decreased but the alkaline phosphate increased significantly (p˂0.05) in the treated groups compared to control group. It can be concluded that the supplementation of probiotics is highly beneficial for body weight gain and health condition of broiler.

Keywords: Broiler, Hematobiochemical parameters, Live weight, Probiotics

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Determination of Optimum Overhead Tank Position on Elemebiri Community Water Distribution Network

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Abstract. This paper presents the effect of varying overhead tank position on the designed Elemebiri community water distribution network. Field survey and measurement were carried out to determine the population and water demand of the study area. The water supply distribution network model (WASDIM) was used in this research. The WASDIM model is based on the conventional approaches of Darcy-Weisbach’s method of flow head loss computation and the Von- Karman friction for turbulent flow. The model is a relation one of the Hardy –Cross type, permitting accurate computation of the head loss and the design flow in the pipe for different diameters. The programme is connected using the flow and energy head in iterative fashion based on the principle of Hardy-cross relaxation method. The best tank position chosen gave the optimum flow and pressure discharge. The head values of 146.06, 144.15, 142.74 and 139.35 respectively were obtained at the various chosen nodes of this position with the least head and pressure loss. The output result gave the best position of the overhead tank which is to be used to supply sufficient and adequate water to the inhabitant in Elemebiri community.

Keywords: Distribution, Elemebiri, Network, WASDIM Model, Water

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Seed Treatment with Rhizobium Biofertilizer for Controlling Foot and Root Rot of Chickpea

Author(s) agree that this article remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License

Abstract. Chickpea is the third major pulse crops of Bangladesh in respect of acreage and production. Chickpeas are rich in protein, complex carbohydrates, and fibre, while low in fat and cholesterol. Average yield of chickpea is also low due to various diseases. Among the diseases, foot and root rot of chickpea is the most serious disease in Bangladesh. The pathogenic fungi are soil-borne in nature; hence, seed treatment with Biofertilizer is beneficial in controlling the disease. The experiment was conducted in the sick plot at Pulses Research Centre, BARI, Ishurdi, Pabna, Bangladesh during 2008-09 to find out the effect of Rhizobium Biofertilizer against foot and root rot of Chickpea varieties. The chickpea varieties were BARIchola 1, BARIchola 2, BARIchola 3, BARIchola 4 and BARIchola 5. Seeds were thoroughly inoculated with Biofertilizer (BARI Biofertilizer Rca 202) @ 50 g/kg seed before sowing, where biofertilzer contained 108 Rhizobial cells/mg. The inoculant-coated seeds were sown at the afternoon and furrow was filled up just after seed sowing. The control treatment was BARIchola 1 without inoculated. BARIchola 5 showed minimum (9.83%) foot and root rot incidence while BARIchola 1 (untreated) showed the highest incidence (21.22%). The highest number of pods per plant (94.45), number of seeds per plant (143.95), weight of seeds per plant (22.25 g) and yield (1972 kg/ha) were recorded in BARIchola 5 and the lowest of these parameters were recorded in BARIchola 1 without inoculum (control). So, farmers may cultivate BARIchola 5 when seed inoculated with BARI Biofertilizer Rca 202 @ 50 g/kg seed for disease reduction and increasing yield.

Keywords: Biofertilizer, chickpea, foot and root rot, Rhizobium, seed treatment

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